πŸ”₯ Phenix City | Encyclopedia of Alabama

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The Tragedy and the Triumph of Phenix City, Alabama [Margaret Anne Barnes] on anatoliykorj.ru This book had some Alabama history that I didn't know. I bet it​.


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History. The region around what is now Phenix City originally was the territory of the Coweta branch of the Creek Indian nation. After the town of.


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The Alabama Legislature in officially incorporated the town of Brownville. Fourteen years later, lawmakers changed its name to Phenix City.


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There are very few Alabamians left who remember the s story of Phenix City, Alabama. After World War II, a good many of the military.


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The city was named for a young Philadelphia Philanthropist and slave dealer, Stephen Girard, who acquired much of the land in this area. When.


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The city of Girard merged into Phenix City on August 9, , giving the newly enlarged town a combined population of 10, The following history of Girard is​.


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The city is located in the Columbus metropolitan area. Phenix City History. According to historical records, the city was named after the Eagle and Phenix Mill.


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There are very few Alabamians left who remember the s story of Phenix City, Alabama. After World War II, a good many of the military.


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There are very few Alabamians left who remember the s story of Phenix City, Alabama. After World War II, a good many of the military.


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Phenix City, city, Lee and Russell counties, seat () of Russell county, eastern Alabama, U.S., about 25 miles (40 km) southeast of Opelika. See Article History for Alabama attorney general) in , martial law was declared in the city.


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The southern town was named Girard, and the northern part was named Brownville. After the Civil War, the area prospered from the brewery, water system, and textile mills. City leaders took advantage of this activity and enforced a system of fines and licensing for gambling and for the use and sale of liquor to raise money for the city's treasury, while not addressing the illegal activities themselves. The Phenix-Girard Journal, now defunct, was the most widely read newspaper in the area at this time. Trest, Warren A. On the state level, Gov. In spring , during the Civil War , the town was attacked and subdued in an offensive by General James H. In occupying Girard, the Union forces had pushed the Confederates across the river into Columbus. Although no definitive source reveals why this name was chosen, possibilities include it being named after the Phenix Mills in Columbus, or perhaps after the phoenix, a bird that symbolized resurrection in Egyptian mythology. On February 23, , the Alabama Legislature officially incorporated the town of Brownville. After the town of Columbus, Georgia, was established in , traders and other individuals who preferred a less-regulated frontier culture gravitated to the Creek towns on the other side of the Chattahoochee River.

Phenix City is the county seat of Russell County and is located in east Alabama along the west bank of the Chattahoochee River, which separates the city from Columbus, Georgia. Cobb Memorial Hospital, named for the city's mayor. Also after the Civil War, W.

Clanton, Ala. Three U. Railroad companies also repaired rail lines to the area this web page had been destroyed in the war.

The town of Girard had this honor when the county was established infollowed by Crawford inand then Seale in InPhenix City was established as a second county seat, with county administrative activities divided among the two towns. At one time nationally known for its rampant crime and corruption, the phenix city al history has evolved into Russell County's largest metropolitan area.

Olympian in track and field Harvey Glance was born in Phenix City. When Union forces attacked in Columbus, the encounter came to be known as the Battle of Girard and is considered to be the last phenix city al history of the Civil War.

The city also features a river walk designated as a national recreation trail and an amphitheater. Also during the s, Phenix City increasingly came under the control of organized crime bosses who ran gambling, narcotics, and prostitution operations throughout the city.

Local attorney Albert Pattersonwho had moved phenix city al history family to the city in because of its booming economy, despite its reputation, joined with Bentley and the Russell Betterment Association RBAwhose purpose was to fight corruption in Russell County, specifically in Phenix City.

Russell County Courthouse Phenix City has been the county seat of Russell County only since the early twentieth phenix city al history. It hosts Chattahoochee Valley Community Collegewhich offers two-year degree programs, and has a Troy University campus as well.

Albert Patterson Concerned citizens began to try to clean up the illegal activities in the city but were met with violent resistance from the gambling interests. The city of Girard merged into Phenix City on August 9,giving the https://anatoliykorj.ru/for/food-trucks-detroit.html enlarged town a combined population of 10, Bythe city was operating under a federal receiver.

At one point, Phenix City also hosted the largest lithography plant in the South. After a few years, the town once again became known as Brownville; confusion persisted about the town's actual name, however, because the post office still maintained the name Lively, whereas the railroad depot in the town was called Knight's Station.

At the time, local authorities rationalized widespread crime and corruption in Phenix City as being a necessary revenue producer in the absence of other businesses.

Thus, Phenix City's reputation as a wild and untamed place appears even in early references. But on June 18,Albert Patterson was assassinated outside of his law office.

Hugh Bentleya local businessman and Sunday school teacher, organized a group to clean up the city and had his house bombed as a result. Eagle and Phenix Mills Between andDutch and German settlers established the Chattahoochee Brewery in Girard; the company retained the name after it moved to Columbus 20 years later.

Phenix City Amphitheater In front of the Phenix City Municipal Building there is a statue of a phoenix rising from the column on which it sits, symbolizing hope and renewal.

Early industries in the Phenix City area were based on forest productsagriculture products, and masonry products, and the town became known for its brickmaking. The Heritage of Russell County, Alabama. Later inthe city of Columbus bought the facilities of the Columbus Water Supply Company and moved the system to Columbus under the name Columbus Waterworks.

After learning about his father's death, future governor John Patterson ran for the state attorney general position in ; while in that office, phenix city al history prosecuted those who were responsible for his read article murder though only one man was actually convicted.

The Phenix City School System has six elementary schools, one middle school, one intermediate school, and one high school.

The mills brought in three shiploads of workers from England who were cheaper to employ than local American workers, with most of them living on the Alabama side of the river. Montgomery, Ala.

In , as the result of poor drainage in Columbus, the Columbus Water Supply Company, a private venture, purchased 15 acres near Holland Creek in Alabama with the sole purpose of setting up a reservoir and providing water to Columbus through a pipeline. Walter J. Additional Resources Howard, Gene L. The region around what is now Phenix City originally was the territory of the Coweta branch of the Creek Indian nation. It was not until that Phenix City became the sole county seat of Russell County. Phenix City has a mayor-commission form of government, with each member serving for four years. The reason for choosing this name is not known, but local lore indicates that the name referred to the lawless nature of the area. Post Office confused the town of Brownville with another Brownville of earlier origin in Tuscaloosa County , and so the name Lively was chosen to replace Brownville. Five bridges connect Phenix City to Columbus: Dillingham Street, completed in ; 14th Street, built in ; Oglethorpe, opened in ; Thirteenth Street, opened in ; and North Bypass, which connects Alabama with the Manchester expressway in Columbus and ties in with the Interstate I connector. On February 19, , the legislature officially changed the name to Phenix City. In , Allied Arts produced the film The Phenix City Story, which was a wildly exaggerated treatment of the Patterson murder and the surrounding corruption. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, Russell County Heritage Book Committee. According to Census estimates, Phenix City recorded a population of 36, Of that number, According to Census estimates, the workforce in Phenix City was divided among the following industrial categories:. Deciding that the best way to clean up the city was to win the state attorney general's office and thus bring the power of that office to bear upon the problem, the group put Patterson forward for the office, and he won the Democratic primary, despite attempted election tampering by local officials. But in , the U. It was dedicated on July 4, Phenix City celebrated its th anniversary with the construction of Centennial Park as part of its riverfront development. In , Phenix City was part of both Lee and Russell Counties, but a boundary line change that same year located the city entirely within Russell County. These men rigged local and state elections and held important leadership positions in the chamber of commerce, on school and hospital boards, and in several service organizations. Local law enforcement and city officials were members of the Ku Klux Klan. The Guardsmen performed around-the-clock raids on nightclubs, warehouses, and gambling institutions, and nearby Fort Benning declared Phenix City off limits to its soldiers. During World War II , Phenix City improved its police department with more men and equipment, and its first fire department was established in Four years later, the city welcomed its first city hospital, the Homer D.